Traffic models and autonomous driving [MAD]
|Context||Mini-course for PhD candidates and researchers|
|Organisation||Lecture and exercise|
|Material||Slides + NetLogo scripts with datasets|
The topic of the mini-course is about road traffic flow models, especially microscopic models, and autonomous driving. It is intended to doctoral students, post-docs and researchers interested by road traffic and pedestrian dynamics, and the thematic of connected and autonomous vehicles. An introduction to traffic flow theory presents their main variables, models and empirical characteristics. The traffic is introduced as a complex dynamical system describing many collective self-organized phenomena emerging from the interactions, typically stop-and-go waves (phantom jam) or lane formation. Several classical traffic models borrowed from the literature are simulated in real time using the multi-agent freeware NetLogo. The participants will be trained to use NetLogo and to develop and simulate different vehicular and pedestrian motion models from the literatur.
- Introduction to traffic flow theory
- Empirical characteristic of traffic flow and pedestrian dynamics
- Automated and connected driving
- Collective stability analysis
- Simulation with NetLogo
- M. Treiber und A. Kesting. Verkehrsdynamik und -simulation, Springer, 2013.
- A. Schadschneider, D. Chowdhury, K. Nishinari: Stochastic Transport in Complex Systems, Springer, 2011.
- G. Gunter et al.: Are commercially implemented adaptive cruise control systems string stable? IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, 2021.
- B. Paden et al.: A Survey of Motion Planning and Control Techniques for Self-Driving Urban Vehicles. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Vehicles 1(1):33–55, 2016.
- A. Tordeux, M. Roussignol, S. Lassarre: Linear stability analysis of first-order delayed car-following models on a ring. Physical Review E 86:036207, 2012.
- R.E. Wilson, J.A. Ward: Car-following models: fifty years of linear stability analysis – A mathematical perspective. Transportation Planning and Technology, 34(1):3–18, 2011.
- Wikibooks: Fundamentals of Transportation/Traffic Flow en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Fundamentals_of_Transportation/Traffic_Flow
- Traffic and ants: youtube.com/watch?v=kkiuw0HbRq4
- Braess paradox: youtube.com/watch?v=8mlH9bnvWVE
- Wardrop principles: youtube.com/watch?v=gvwL9jeeuk0
- Phantom Jam (stop-and-go wave): youtube.com/watch?v=7wm-pZp_mi0
- Intersection model: youtube.com/watch?v=yITr127KZtQ
- Autonomous driving: youtube.com/watch?v=iHzzSao6ypE
- NetLogo: ccl.northwestern.edu/netlogo/ (online simulation, download)
- SUMO: www.dlr.de/sumo
- MATSim: www.matsim.org
- Traffic forum: www.trafficforum.org
- Traffic simulation: www.traffic-simulation.de